Abstract

 

The abstract section summarizes the research article in about 250-300 words (depending on the journal).  It is an abbreviated form of your introduction, methods, results, and conclusion.  If you have many findings, your abstract focuses on the two important ones at the most. Then, adjust your introduction, methods, results and conclusion to these selected findings.

To avoid editor’s out-right rejection before even  sending the manuscript out for peer-reviews,

state your conclusion in accordance to your result.

Source:

Chapter 9 – Writing for Impact: How to Prepare a Journal Article

Andrew M.Ibrahim, Justin B.Dimick

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128099698000097?via%3Dihub

https://www.wku.edu/studentresearch/documents/student_resources/how_to_write_an_abstract_ucsb.pdf

https://www.wku.edu/studentresearch/documents/student_resources/how_to_write_an_abstract_ucsb.pdf

Examples:

Structured and Nonstructured abstracts

Association of Daily Step Count and Intensity With Incident Dementia in 78 430 Adults Living in the UK

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaneurology/fullarticle/2795819

Daily steps and all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis of 15 international cohorts

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(21)00302-9/fulltext

Physical and Mental Activity, Disease Susceptibility, and Risk of Dementia

A Prospective Cohort Study Based on UK Biobank

https://n.neurology.org/content/99/8/e799

Longitudinal changes in auditory and reward systems following receptive music‑based

intervention in older adults

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-15687-5

Infrasonic Early Warning System for Explosive Eruptions

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018JB015561

Association of Daily Step Count and Intensity With Incident Dementia in 78 430 Adults Living in the UK

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaneurology/fullarticle/2795819

Daily steps and all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis of 15 international cohorts

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(21)00302-9/fulltext

Physical and Mental Activity, Disease Susceptibility, and Risk of Dementia

A Prospective Cohort Study Based on UK Biobank

https://n.neurology.org/content/99/8/e799

Longitudinal changes in auditory and reward systems following receptive music‑based

intervention in older adults

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-15687-5

Infrasonic Early Warning System for Explosive Eruptions

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018JB015561

Dos and Don’ts in writing your abstract

Tips That Will Make Your Abstract a Success!

COMMON MISTAKE

Eleven common mistakes when writing an abstract